News

Respiratory Days 2022 — Book the date

Published

The 11th annual RESPIRATORY DAYS conference will be held at Bumbalka, Labská u Špindlerova Mlýna, Krkonoše Mts. (Find the place), on September 7–9, 2022 (Wed—Fri).

(For members of FBMI CTU only: The conference will immediately precede the BioŠrot and ParaŠrot training courses. Biošrot and Parašrot will take place at the same place, starting on Saturday, September 10, 2022.)

Pro diváky TV NOVA k debatě o lavinách a lavinovém výzkumu

Published

Následující odkazy na videa jsou určena pro posluchače debaty o lavinách a lavinovém výzkumu odvysílané na TV NOVA dne 21. 2. 2022 a jejich cílem je doplnit videozáznamy k informacím, které zazněly v uvedené diskusi:

Simulace a vysvětlení spuštění sněhové laviny

Video ukazuje vznik tzv. deskové laviny. Člověk může kdekoliv, dokonce i pod kopcem porušit stabilitu sněhových vrstev. Poruchy se šíří po svahu a lavina na něho začne padat i z velmi vzdálených míst nad ním.

Simulace a vyzvětlení vzniku laviny

Záznamy reálných případů spuštění deskové laviny

Video ukazuje záznamy několika případů vzniku lavin. Zajímavé je si všimnout, že je jednom okamžiku se prakticky rozpadne a dá do pohybu obrovská masa ve všech směrech okolo lyžařů.

Záznamy reálných lavin

Když se člověk ocitne pod lavinou, nemůže nic dělat a dusí se

Ve videu je vidět v čase 1:16 “rozpad” sněhové vrstvy všude okolo lyžaře, pád lyžaře spolu s lavinou a dopadnutí laviny (1:45) a uvěznění lyžaře ve sněhu. Krátce poté (zhruba od 1:50) je slyšet nárůst dechového úsilí lyžaře, jeho zrychlení a výrazné prohloubení dechu. Lyžař se začíná dusit. Není schopen jakéhokoliv pohybu, nemůže udělat nic pro svoji záchranu. V závěru je vyhrabán a zachráněn kolegy.

pád do laviny  (Pozor, chvíli trvá, než se video spustí.) Pozn.: Není nám znám autor videa; tento záznam koluje po celém světě mezi záchranáři, výzkumníky a lidmi pohybujícími se v lavinovém terénu již nejméně od roku 2009.

 

Do you know why HFOV seems to be ineffective while it may perform very well?

Published

High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation has a potential to be safe and efficient, but several recent studies did not confirmed superiority of HFOV over conventional protective ventilatory techniques. Knowledge of all aspects of HFOV and necessity of individualized setup of HFOV parameters are essential for rational, safe and effective HFOV application.

Our recently published study explains differences between CMV and HFOV that should be taken into account. Thy study dispels the myth that oxygenation and ventilation (capnia) are decoupled during HFOV. The opposite is true! The change in ventilation (tidal volume, minute ventilation) in HFOV affects oxygenation much more strongly than in CMV. Caution should be exercised as permissive hypercapnia in HFOV may result in severe hypoxemia.

The article was published as Tidal volume significantly affects oxygenation in healthy pigs during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation compared to conventional ventilation in open access journal Biomedical Engineering Online.

Research of Survival under Snow Avalanche without Snow…

Published

For many years we have been studying breathing, gas exchange and the probability of survival of a person covered in avalanche snow. Our aim is to dispel myths that are circulating about this issue and which also affect rescue procedures. In the past, we have provided information on the importance of the air pocket in front of the airways of a buried person for the survival. Our research published today in the Scientific Reports journal (“Perlite is a suitable model material for experiments investigating breathing in high density snow”) describes perlite as a material that can replace snow in experiments aimed at studying gas exchange of avalanche victims. It also allows easy, cheap and year-round testing of avalanche protective equipment, e.g. snow snorkels and other safety tools.

Perlite is a suitable model material for breathing experiments studying survival of a victim covered with avalanche snow.

Lenka Horakova et al. was awarded by IEEE

Published

Lenka Horakova, Karel Roubik and Petr Kudrna were awarded by the Scientific Commettee of the IEEE International E-Health and Bioengineering at EHB conference in Iasi, Romania, on November 19, 2021.

The ceremony was online via ZOOM meeting.

Respiratory Days 2021 — Book the date

Published

The 10th annual RESPIRATORY DAYS conference will be held at Bumbalka, Labská u Špindlerova Mlýna, Krkonoše Mts. (Find the place), on September 1–3, 2021 (Wed—Fri).

The preliminary book of abstracts from Respiratory Days 2019 can be downloaded here.

(For members of FBMI CTU only: The conference will immediately precede the BioŠrot and ParaŠrot training courses. Biošrot, Parašrot will take place at the same place, starting on Saturday, September 4, 2021.)

Development of the CoroVent ventilator and it’s team leader awarded

Published

HACK THE CRISIS 

2nd place in the competition HACKATHON: HACK THE CRISIS
Price: 2 000 000 Kč

Published by the Czech Ministry of Industry and Trade
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague

Innovators 2020

A professor, Karel Roubík, from the Faculty of Biomedical Engineering at the Czech Technical University began in the 1990s in Podolí, Prague, at the Institute for the care of Mother and Child, where he designed unconventional ventilatory techniques. This came in handy last spring 2020 when there was a threat of an acute shortage of ventilators in hospitals. And so he prepared a prototype with his small team, for which tens of millions of crowns were raised in record time. The CoroVent project created several hundred ventilators that were not needed in hospitals in the end, but the event showed how efficient, fast and innovative the local technology community can be.

Hospodářské noviny – Innovators 2020


Important milestones in the development of the emergency ventilator CoroVent

Published

Důležité milníky vývoje nouzového plicního ventilátoru CoroVent

NVT (Non-conventional Ventilatory Team) together with Covid19CZ platform are responsible for development of an emergency mechanical lung ventilator CoroVent for patients with respiratory failure due to Covid-19 disease (corona virus). The project is required by the Czech government.

The current status and history of the project:

October 31, 2020

The first use of the emergency ventilator CoroVent 

Physicians of the Department of Anaesthesiology, Perioperative and Intensive Care, Faculty of Health Studies, J. E. Purkyně University in Ústí nad Labem and Krajská zdravotní, a. s. – Masaryk Hospital in Ústí nad Labem, o. z. (KAPIM) were the first in the Czech Republic to use the CoroVent emergency ventilator.

Press release by KZČR

October 22, 2020

CoroVent obtained permission to be used in hospitals for Covid-19 patients

Hospodářské noviny
Plicní ventilátory z ČVUT smí do českých nemocnic. Od ministerstva získaly povolení pro nouzové využití

Tisková zpráva ČVUT
Press release by the Czech Technical University in Prague

 

August 28, 2020

CoroVent has been certified by the US government agency FDA

The Czech emergency ventilator CoroVent has been approved by the US government agency FDA for emergency use in medical facilities for the treatment of patients with Covid-19, under the conditions set out in the EUA (Emergency Use Authorization).

FDA: Covid-19 emergency use authorizations: medical devices – ventilators

Český plicní ventilátor vyvinutý během pandemie koronaviru získal certifikaci od americké vladní agentury FDA.

Published by the Czech Ministry of Industry and Trade
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague

April 26, 2020
All labels, manuals and touch panel readouts can be delivered in any language – currently Czech and English versions. We can also deliver versions with medical gas tube connectors specific to each country, along with the proper electric plug for local outlets.

April 24, 2020
Today’s report on national Czech TV and an article about the production in MICo (Moravian Industrial Company) .

April 22, 2020
This week was very intense. We passed all the tests at the Electrotechnical Testing Institute and we have got orders for the first few thousand CoroVent ventilators.

April 14, 2020
Today our researchers (Ing. Petr Kudrna, Ph.D. and Ing. Václav Ort from the Department of Biomedical Technology) handed over the first three series-produced CoroVent lung ventilators to the Electrotechnical Testing Institute for standard safety testing. The UN and other partners have shown interest in the CoroVent lung ventilator.


April 6-13, 2020
The Rector of CTU (doc. RNDr. Vojtěch Petráček, CSc.), project manager and inventor prof. Ing. Karel Roubík, Ph.D., and inventor Ing. Václav Ort have signed a temporary license, which allows to offer the whole concept as open source, respectively open hardware. This means that we will provide all documentation, drawings and codes to similarly composed teams of engineers, doctors and government representatives in each country, so that any company in the world with sufficient knowledge of pneumatics and electronics will be able to start production very quickly. CoroVent principles are provided free of charge to the world during the coronavirus crisis!

April 1-5, 2020
We faced several other problems but the final design was completed. 
To ensure maximum security, we had to make a few more changes like alarm system optimization or adding a new manometer. Anesthetists are testing the correct functionality.

March 29-31, 2020
We were forced to replace several components to ensure the greatest safety for the patient. We had to make some changes and innovations in our Alarm system. We are reading the technical/safety/quality standards and completing the protocols to meet all the requirements for successful testing at The Electrotechnical Testing Institute.

March 28, 2020
We are working on CoroVent production logistics. The legislative team is working on risk analysis. We are proposing a way of testing each manufactured CoroVent ventilator.

March 27, 2020
In just 18 hours, 12.5 million Czech crowns were collected in the assemblage, thank you for your support!  
Our legislative team is working on all the essential documents for The Electrotechnical Testing Institute (manual, technical documentation or agreement with technical/safety/quality standards).

March 26, 2020
All the proposed solutions and selected parts have been tested. We are testing the first prototypes on the table, very soon the testing of the final prototypes, including electronics and boxing, will begin. The assemblage was launched on the first 100 corovent ventilators on the website donio.cz/CoroVent.

March 25, 2020
In order to accelerate the development of new CoroVent ventilator, we started to use air connection between our lab at FBMI CVUT Kladno (LKKL) and companies of Covid19CZ platform assuring the CoroVent manufacturing. Majority of the important components have been delivered. An interview for Czech Radio – Radiožurnál was published.


Fast delivery using air connection.

March 24, 2020
The algorithm for evaluating tidal volumes, flows, Pmax and PEEP has been implemented in the software. Air transport of the important components throughout the Czech Republic to test the correct function. Other business meetings.

March 23, 2020
The first 3D visualisation of the entire ventilator by MICO Robotic s.r.o. has been made. The corovent.cz website has been launched. 3D printing of some specific components by Prusa3D and testing of their functionality. A control unit was created with the whole software for the ventilator control system.


Touch screen for the ventilator control system.

March 22, 2020
A final list of all the components for the first prototype construction was completed. 
We started to demand the components from suppliers with an emphasis on sufficient quantities. After several consultation with the doctors, a layout of the patient circuit of the ventilator was created. Other Covid-19CZ initiative business meetings (10-20 members).

March 21, 2020
Optimization of the inspiratory system completed. Description of individual components created and provided to the cooperating manufacturers. Consultations in selecting the proper components. Second business meeting (21 members).

March 20, 2020
A final design of the expiratory valve was completed. A complete pneumatic system was finished and its functionality was demonstrated on a mechanical test lung. Definition of other functionalities: control system, driving signals, screen, alarms, etc. Companies contacted under Covid-19CZ initiative, the first business meeting conducted.

March 19, 2020
Expiratory valve design. Several concepts were proposed and analyzed.

March 18, 2020
Karel was woken up by a phone call by Andrej Babiš, the premier :-). The project was approved; the premier of the Czech Republic granted his support to the project and cooperation in obtaining an approval from SUKL (the Czech “FDA-like” organization) once the ventilator is ready. Experimental work stated.

Vašek Ort starting the design of CoronaVent in one of our labs.

March 17, 2020
Several concepts of the ventilator structure were proposed and analyzed. The main concept was selected.

March 16, 2020
The project proposal was submitted to the Czech ministry of Health and the Czech Government. Medical requirements were summarized and discussed.

March 15, 2020
The idea of creating an emergency ventilator was adopted. The preliminary team of experts was created. The first version of the project description was written.